. . .
following are MP3 files, which will play in most browsers, or may be
downloaded and played using
computer applications or in a stand-alone MP3 player.
note from the reader about the recordings
My name is Lughaidh Ó hEacháin; I am
doing a PhD on Celtic linguistics. I have learnt Irish in Northwestern
Donegal Gaeltacht (Gweedore, Ranafast and Gortahork), and with Donegal
Irish-speaking professors at Coleraine University, Co. Derry.
For these recordings, I have read the Irish words and sentences with
a Northwestern Donegal pronounciation. However, First Steps in Irish
teaches Standard Irish, with some Donegal features (especially for vocabulary).
The grammar it gives is very standard and quite different from Donegal
dialect grammar. For example, the irregular verbs that are given in
the last lessons are very different in Ulster -- "I see" is tchím
in Donegal, feicim in Standard Irish; "you come" is thig tú
in Donegal, tagann tú in Standard Irish, and so on.
In these recordings I have tried to give what the Donegal pronounciation
would have been if the Standard grammar forms were used in Donegal.
the answer keys
These lesson-by-lesson answer keys for First Steps
in Irish have been used by countless students in New England-area
Irish classes for decades, and have been gradually "proofread" through
the years. They may, however, still contain the occasional error, and
if you find any, please let us
know. They are typeset as individual sheets, as they have been designed
for use as hand-outs in Irish classes.
There is often more than one "correct" way to express a thought in Irish.
The authors of this book relied heavily on the Caighdeán Oifigiúil
for their spellings, and favoured northern vocabulary somewhat;
every effort has been made to keep these answers "correct" within the
context of what has been taught First Steps in Irish --
i.e. within the confines of the vocabulary & phrases which had been
taught up to any given point where you might find yourself preferring
some other answer.
We understand that the various dialects may have equally appropriate
equivalents to these answers, but for the sake of brevity, and of consistency
with this book, we have preferred answers derived solely from the teachings
of First Steps in Irish.
We hope that the countless students of Irish who will read and/or download
these answer key sheets will appreciate this book all the more, now
that they can check their work against the work of others.
the answer keys
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if you wish to view them from within your web browser, you must have
the "PDF Viewer" plug-in installed in your browser's Plug-Ins folder.
Downloading the answer keys
To download the files, please use your right mouse button
(Windows) or hold down your mouse button (Mac) over the filename you
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keys last revised 10 May 2005)
you find any errors in these materials, please e-mail